Leaf with notable erect hairs: Cichorium ( chicoey) or Hypochaeris(cat’s ear), go to 5. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. Glass or metal works best, because all plastics are somewhat porous to humidity. There are around 30 species of dandelion that can be found all over the world. Erect hairs most prominent on midvein especially below:  Cichorium (chicory). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. The common dandelion is an herbaceous perennial, from the huge Asteraceae plant family (the same as daisies, ragwort and yarrow), and is an extremely common weed in Britain, Europe and many other countries across the globe. There is a brief period in mid to late April when the first big flush of dandelion flowers go so seed en mass, about the same time that field mustard is at its peak. Dandelion is native to Europe but found throughout temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere. If you choose to, use a commercial vegetable cleaner or a ¼ cup (60 ml) of vinegar added to wash water as a cleaner. ), field sow thistle (Sonchus arvenis) and dandelion (Taraxacum spp.). There are considered to be about 600 species of dandelion found throughout the world where, in many cases, it is considered a noxious weed. Dandelion is a persistent, perennial weed of lawns, borders and hard surfaces. T. officinale is considered a weedy species, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. For more information, see References & Citations, © 2020 Wildfoods 4 Wildlife - Website by Clayton Hamshar, Leaves are always in a rosette on the ground—no leaves come out of the stems, Leaf rib (back of leaf center axis) is generally hairless (but there could be a white wooly-looking bit), Only one yellow flower between the size of a quarter and a fifty cent piece per plant, Flower “petals” are squared off, not pointed at the tips, The leaf’s central axis in cross-section is rounded, no edge to it. On dandelion flower, the green bracts underside where the flower  meets the stem are recurved like a jester’s collar. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. Pull the stalk with the whole fully-open seed head through your hand and deposit the seeds and fluff inside a paper bag. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) Flowers: Spring, Summer, Autumn; Yellow; 7 or more parts (petals) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas Edible: The roots are edible, when dried and used as a coffee substitute. See the E-Flora BC common dandelion page for further information. If the greens will be used quickly within days, place the spun-and-towel-rolled damp greens to a 1 gallon ziploc baggie with 12-15 holes cut in it to provide air and keep the greens from molding (or reuse commercial grape bags with holes). Deer, White-tailed . Botanists say that some species of dandelion are native to North America. Each seed has a bunching of silky white bristles that are sensitive to wind or any other light physical disturbance. Clip flower heads off stems and submerge in cold water. Copyrighted data used with permission. in height. The width of the leaves can be between 1 to 1.5 inches wide. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. The unique seed-like fruit of the common dandelion are arranged in a densely packed, rounded head. The bright yellow flowers are between the size of a quarter and a fifty cent piece. The Common Dandelion, isn't it lovely? Submerge the plant material and swish it around to remove all dirt from leaves and roots. We have two species in our area. Well known species of dandelions are native to Eurasia and were probably brought to North America on the Mayflower as a crop and medicine. The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. Species : Synonym(s): Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Start at the beginning of this key. There are a great many sub-species … Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. 1. The Common Dandelion, isn't it lovely? They are an invasive species in some areas. Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. Photo taken on April 21, 2007 at Vandusen Gardens in Vancouver, BC, Canada. Choose carefully which of the couplets describes your plant, proceeding until you have arrived at the correct genus. dandelion blooming its little heart out "dandelion propagating it's little heart out" Some may think I'm crazy, but I think the dandelion seedhead is a thing of beauty. The dandelion taproot, thick, sturdy and dark brown, can penetrate the soil up to 10 to 15 feet. The bitterness provided by the milky latex acts as a digestive aid that helps “clean out” the liver. Virginia Botanical Associates. Dandelion is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Discard the fluff. True dandelions have hollow stems and, when picked, bleed a milky liquid. The silky "parachutes" of the rounded head easily catch the wind and can be carried across a vast radius. [Web log post.] Taraxacum Species, Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) by frostweed Nov 2, 2004 10:28 AM. 2. All leaves long and narrow, grass-like, V-shaped in profile, margins smooth and entire; latex light brown: Tragopogon (salsify). Dandelion knives and similar specialized tools are available for removing individual weeds and their roots while minimizing soil disturbance. Martin, A.C., Zim, H.S., Nelson, A.L. Types of Dandelions: Yellow The common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) sports an iconic bright-yellow flower and grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 10. Schinz ex Thellung which is commonly called common dandelion, fleshy dandelion, horned dandelion or rough dandelion. After washing and salad spinning the greens, place a paper towel in the bottom, then loosely fill with greens, but do not pack them in. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. dandelion; Other Scientific Names. Citation: Guenther, K. (2017, January 12) Common dandelion as wildlife food. The basal leaves often vary in size, ranging from 5-40 cm. These are a related to dandelion, but are a different genus and species, Cichorium intybus, whose common name is either Catalogna chicory or San Pasquale chicory. 6. Clip the bag closed or seed may waft out. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. Appearance; The problem; Control; What is dandelion? Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. Top Answer. The basal leaves are broad and long having irregular teeth and lobes. Erect hairs or spines absent from bottom of the midvein; leaves with curved auricles at base where attached to stalk; latex white: Sonchus (sow thistle). Take a look at Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections. A dandelion is a flower. 2015. The common dandelion is a well-known common weed of lawns, roadsides, and other disturbed places. Greens are 11th in popularity on our Great Greens list, while seeds are 33rd in usage compared to other seed. Dandelion inhabits different habitats that provide enough sunlight: meadows, grasslands, edges of the forests, gardens and lawns. One seed from a dandelion blown by the wind can start 200 or more new plants. which is eaten as seed. Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. Seeds, greens and flowers are all utilized by wildlife. But there are other look-alikes as well: Hawkweeds of the Hieracium genus, hawksbeards of the Crepis genus, dwarf dandelions of the Krigia genus, or hawkbits of the Leontodon genus. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. Leaves grow from the base of the stem at the ground in a rosette. In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. Thayer, S. (2010). Although the leaves are an effective di… Leaves clasping, sessile, or with proportionately short petiole; blade widens gradually: all others, go to 3. The dandelion flower opens to greet the morning and closes in the evening to go to sleep.. (Accessed February 4, 2016). The seeded dandelion head is an incredible efficient means of population. Some garden flowers originated as weeds in cultivated fields and have been selectively bred for their garden-worthy flowers or foliage. … Wigg. The word dandelion is derived from the likeness of the common dandelion leaves and teeth to those of a lion. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. The seedhead is shown below it. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. It's thought that the introduction of this species to North America was intentional, as people wanted a flower that reminded them of their old homes, and as it was used medicinally. But more than any other flower, dandelion flower petals are eaten by 12 known species of mostly birds. TARAXACUM ALBIDUM . Dandelions are known botanically as Taraxacum officinale and are members of the daisy family, Asteraceae. Seed after removal of fluff is around 5/32 inch (4 mm) long. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. Place in a colander or salad spinner to drain, then layout a towel and spread the greens on the towel and roll up the towel. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. Dandelions will continue to grow, flower and go to seed throughout summer, but it will be more spotty and difficult to gather seeds in quantity. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ) is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. Keep container in the vegetable drawer of the refrigerator. There are about 100 species of dandelion, and all are beneficial. 5. Dandelion taxonomy is currently unresolved and complicated by issues such as hybridization; horned dandelion (T. ceratophorum) is a complex of native species, while red-seeded dandelion (T. laevigatum) is an introduced species with deeply divided lobes along the length of its leaves. 1. Dandelion is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. Wearing a dust mask and after completely dry, take a handful of seeds in your hands and vigorously rub the seeds together over a large bowl (outside) until the seed separates from the fluff. It can be both a pioneer species on freshly disturbed soil and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation. Always wash greens; you never know what might be on them…like animal feces or urine. Feed Dandelion to: dandelion, common (Taraxacum officinale) flowers/buds/catkins. It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of … The Common Dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other Dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. Of … in height. Dandelion taxonomy is currently unresolved and complicated by issues such as hybridization; horned dandelion (T. ceratophorum) is a complex of native species, while red-seeded dandelion (T. laevigatum) is an introduced species with deeply divided lobes along the length of its leaves. Pony, Montana: Hops Press, LLC. dandelion. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). New York: Dover Publications. Taraxacum officinale is a ruderal species, which can be commonly found in highly urbanized areas. Label the bag with the plant name and which animals it should be used for. Unroll and transfer the damp greens to storage. 5. By leaving the roots attached, the greens will stay fresher longer in the refrigerator, up to 1 week. First, jar the seeds up using a desiccant for up to 1 week. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… The leaves are sometimes used as a salad vegetable and the flowers are used in making dandelion wine. Dandelion is named after the “tooth of the lion” because of the pointy, tooth-looking lobes along the leaf. in width. Dandelion is common in pastures, lawns, orchards, hay fields, waste ground and roadsides. I found these 3-4 plants all growing alongside dandelion in March when I was harvesting. Probably the most well know of all wildflowers, the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm. There are many myths and mysteries about dandelions, including the belief that picking them will cause incontinence. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. Controls Carolina geranium, species of chickweed, clover and dandelion, vetch, dollarweed and common groundsel. Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. They’re also known as Taraxacum spp., though Taraxacum officinale is the most common species… Then change out screens to a smaller size and run the screen through again. It can be both a pioneer species on freshly disturbed soil and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. Wigg. Erect hairs or spines found along the keeled bottom of the midvein, latex white or light brown: Lactuca (lettuce), except L. muralis. Electric fan or wind winnowing will finish the cleaning. Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora (http://www.vaplantatlas.org). In part, this is due to the fact that most people can easily recognize dandelions and that they are accessible almost everywhere. I wait for a warm, dry, windless day during that 1-2 week period and try to harvest all the seed I will want for the whole year. Also see Dandelion … – dandelion Species: Taraxacum officinale F.H. In China, the flowers, leaves, root, and seed heads of either the common dandelion or from an Oriental species (T. mongolicum). Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; vernacular names for the dandelion include 'wet-the-bed' and 'pissy-beds', which refer to the belief that just touching part of a dandelion can cause bed-wetting. Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. When used alone, add a nonionic surfactant at 0.2% by volume. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a common weed with edible leaves, which thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. There are about 100 species of dandelion, and all are beneficial.. It is native to Canada and the western US. Refrigeration and freezing work well. To identify dandelion by leaf and stem ONLY, Samuel Thayer wrote the following key that differentiates  four different plant greens that can be offered to wildlife patients,  cat’s ear (Hypochareis radicata),  wild lettuce ( Lactuca spp. A persistent, perennial weed of lawns and roadsides been known for centuries to. Plant of the Northern Hemisphere genus of flowering plants that grow best in moist, sunny found. 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