She was critical of the direction the country was taking, telling the Guardian in 2011 it was becoming "more devilish and more awful" with "these stupid Islamist things". Just as the colours of Iran had never left her paintings of flowers, as her teachers noted, all her happy memories of her homeland had remained in place. A pivotal shift that forever altered her creative path occurred after Monir visited the Shah Cheragh Mosque in Shiraz during a 1966 visit back to Iran with friends. BBC 100 Women 2015: Iranian artist Monir Farmanfarmaian, The spy who helped mastermind the Sydney Opera House, Iran's women before and after the revolution, The $3bn art collection hidden in Tehran vaults, Shiva Balaghi wrote that Monir and Abol would often walk by the Guggenheim Museum. Monir had seen mirror mosaics before that day in the mausoleum in Shiraz - the style had been used elsewhere in Iran - but none had affected her in quite the same way. Oct 7, 2019 - The Iranian artist Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian donates a large work to children's charity MAHAK as a beacon of light. "Conversation was not his strong suit," she said, "but we made a connection in spite of his ghostly shyness.". At the time she visited the shrine, Monir was already a recognised artist in the US and her native Iran, but the epiphany in Shiraz left her "fired up with ideas", she wrote in her memoir, A Mirror Garden. This work is in very good condition. "IMMA Presents Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian; Sunset, Sunrise." Oct 7, 2019 - The Iranian artist Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian donates a large work to children's charity MAHAK as a beacon of light. It was the moment that reshaped her artistic career. "I sat in a jet-lagged stupor and drank in the smells of home," she wrote, "the sooty perfume of kerosene heaters with overtones of dill, parsley, fenugreek and aromatic rice that hinted at lunch, and the sourceless, ever-present mystery of rosewater. Or a point can become three leading to a triangle, or four to a square, five to a pentagon… She began learning from Iranian craftsmen trained in cutting mirrors like butter and in kneading plaster to make it pliable, and spent time with Turkmen silversmiths, studied an ancient observatory and worked alongside archaeologists. framed: 84 by 114cm. "More than anything else, I regretted the loss of my drawings, not just because those sketchbooks had followed me all through my life, but damn it, they were really good.". There was a practical reason for the style: centuries ago, mirrors that were imported from Europe had often broken by the time they had arrived, and so they were reused. In an interview with curator Hans-Ulrich Obrist in 2015, Farmanfarmaian said that she had discovered that “geometry has meaning from the start. "I read up on Sufi cosmology and the arcane symbolism of shapes," Monir wrote in A Mirror Garden, "how the universe is expressed through points and lines and angles, how form is born of numbers and the elements lock in the hexagon.". Reverse glass painting and mirror on ball. I was inspired by the geometry I found in old mosques with their tile, metal, wood, and plaster work.”. The six sides of the hexagon are the directions: forward, backward, right, left, up, down. A Conversation between Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Frank Stella, Suzanne Cotter, and Hans Ulrich Obrist The American Frank Stella and the Iranian Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian have long been friends, sharing a deep interest in geometry seen as an inescapable foundation for artistic output. "Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Iranian Artist, dies" CNN. MONIR SHAHROUDY FARMANFARMAIAN: I think it was in 1945 and it was March, because the Iranian ambassador had a party for the Persian-Iranian New Years. Monir created an artistic... Read more . | Tate Images. Or a point can become three leading to a triangle, or four to a square, five to a pentagon, hexagon, octagon, and so on — it’s endless. Her first taste of art came in a once-a-week class in school, in which she was made to draw flowers or - on one confusing occasion - a jug sitting on a chair placed on a table. Director . During his trip, he gave Monir the gift of a Marilyn Monroe print. Best known for mirror mosaic and reverse-painted glass, Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian’s work mixes geometric abstraction with the cosmic patterning of her Iranian heritage. No, this was not New York. At the Fine Arts College of Tehran University, she met the man who would become her first husband, Manoucher. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian was a contemporary Iranian artist known for transforming Persian pictorial language into Modernist forms. Tehran is more shining, shimmying colossus than common metropolis, and crossing the city’s dense sprawl takes resolve. One of her earliest memories was of being chased through the bazaar by a camel she had unwisely decided to chide. Other works from Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian: Infinite Possibility. Read about our approach to external linking. Bahman Kiarostami . Condition Report. Through her studies abroad, she combined traditional Iranian techniques with Western geometric abstraction to create unique and culturally ambiguous paintings … Explore. New York. … After Monir's death, Middle East cultural historian Shiva Balaghi wrote that Monir and Abol would often walk by the Guggenheim Museum in New York as it was being built in the late 1950s. Contact us Contact Client Service info@christies.com. MONIR SHAHROUDY FARMANFARMAIAN (1922 - 2019). Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian was born in Iran in 1924 and is well known for her dazzling approach to geometric abstraction, primarily in the mirror reliefs and drawings she has been making since the 1970s that derive from ornamental elements in traditional Islamic architecture. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian / Iran, b.1924 / Lightning for Neda 2009 / Mirror mosaic, reverse-glass painting, plaster on wood / The artist dedicates this work to the loving memory of her late husband Dr Abolbashar Farmanfarmaian. Two weeks later, Iran's main spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, returned after 14 years in exile. I was home.". "Iranian Artist Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Sculptor of Mindbending Mirror Works, Dead at 97" ArtNews. Monir Farmanfarmaian. Irish Museum of Modern Art. April 21, 2019. MONIR SHAHROUDY FARMANFARMAIAN. "When I travelled the deserts and the mountains, throughout my younger years, all that I saw and felt is now reflected in my art. Over six decades, Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (1922 - 2019) investigated the intricate geometries of her Iranian heritage, reconfiguring traditional craft techniques to explore the philosophical, poetic, and perceptual possibilities of interlocking primary forms. she wondered. "I imagined myself standing inside a many-faceted diamond and looking out at the sun. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian died on 20 April in Tehran, aged 97. Although she has lived longer in New York than in her homeland, her work is deeply rooted in Iranian culture, architecture and traditions, both formal and spiritual. "The very space seemed on fire, the lamps blazing in hundreds of thousands of reflections," she would later write in her memoir. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian was a contemporary Iranian artist known for transforming Persian pictorial language into Modernist forms. … Reverse glass painting and mirror reverse plexiglass painting on plaster and wood. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian at home in Tehran in 1977. May 19, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Marada De Ley. The five sides of the pentagon are the five senses. That connection was made again years later when Warhol travelled to Iran to paint the Shah and his wife. Consign with Artsy. The Shah, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, had led Iran through a programme of modernisation and Westernisation, but in doing so, he had alienated powerful religious and political forces. After months of protests and strikes, the US-supported Shah and his family were forced to leave the country in January 1979. Credit Line Museum purchase with funds donated by Barbara L. and Theodore B. Alfond through the Acorn Foundation. Iranian visual artist. Monir Farmanfarmaian. Want to sell a work by this artist? Mirror Works and Drawings 1974–2014. Guggenheim Museum. … "None of the galleries wanted to talk to me. Monir's research took her across Iran and her curiosity about her country grew. That day came in 2015, with one of her largest shows yet, Infinite Possibility. "It perplexed me at first, but still it was more fun than math.". One work, Lightning for Neda, was produced in tribute to a young Iranian woman, Neda Agha-Soltan, shot dead during protests in 2009. "My role," she wrote, "was to help that destiny along by providing financial support, unending praise, and gracious entertainment for any gallery owners and wielders of influence who crossed our path.". .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. © 2020 BBC. Executed in 2011. His name was Andy Warhol, who was then working as a shoe illustrator. April 22, 2019. sheet: 70 by 100cm. It was a long trip to New York. The style encouraged Monir to experiment: with shapes, with geometry, with building images up from their smallest fragments. August 20, 2018. But her work had a receptive audience in Iran, and in 2017 the Monir Museum - the first Iranian museum dedicated to the works of a female artist - opened in Tehran. Exposição: Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian: Possibilidade Infinita. And after September 11 - my God. "In America, after the revolution, after the [Gulf] war, nobody wanted to do anything with Iran," she said. The art of Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian reflects a life lived between two cultures. The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian died on 20 April in Tehran, aged 97. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Kinetic Star in Pentagon, 2018, Reverse glass painting and mirror, reverse plexiglass painting on plaster and wood, 140 x 120 cm / Courtesy of the artist and The Third Line . Abol, with whom she had another daughter, was not there to witness the show, having died of leukaemia in 1991. (3) Final Disco 4, 2018. The queen of dazzling mirrored mosaic works and glass paintings, Farmanfarmaian was raised by educated parents in the small, religious town of Qazvin in northwest Iran, where she was born in 1922. Provenance Donated by the artist. 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