This means that despite the main body being a relatively short 110km long, it’s possible to follow the twists and turns much further. Scoresbysund is the largest fjord system in the world – making its way close to 400km inland from the Greenland Sea. - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. Around the outer area the land rises to about 500 metres (1,600 ft) above the sea, while in the inner areas of the fjord, they reach about 1,600 metres (5,200 ft). Hardangerfjord is the fourth longest fjord in the world, and the second longest fjord in norway. It has been called ‘the King of the fjords’ because of its size: at 200 kilometres (124 miles), Sognefjord is Norway’s longest fjord and the second-longest in the world. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Lysefjorden, Norway Image Credit: Visit Norway Lysefjorden is an astonishingly spectacular fjord situated in Ryfylke... 2. There is no clear relation between the east-west direction of the main fjord and the fold patterns of the bedrock, while some of tributary fjords in the parts corresponds to fold pattern. This uplift, that occurred long before the Quaternary glaciations, enabled rivers to incise deeply the Paleic relief. 24 Jul 2017. The Sognefjord, the king of the fjords, is the longest fjord adventure in Norway. Ittoqqortoormiit isn’t the only possible landing in the Scoresbysund fjord. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Near its mouth, the bottom rises abruptly to a sill about 100 metres (330 ft) below sea level. This will avoid storms on the surface, and will not have to go over a kilometer deep to get below the bed of the fjord. [11] Hurrungane range at the eastern end of the fjord reaches 2,400 metres (7,900 ft). Fjords are narrow inlets of the sea between cliffs, formed by melting glaciers. What is the world's largest fjord. These walls of basalt are very intimidating to look at and can reach 2,000m above sea level. [19][20], There are many ferry crossings of the Sognefjord. The Sognefjord cuts through a northwestern gneiss area with a south-west to north-east structure, and penetrates the Caledonian fold through in the inner part. [13] The fjords of western Norway formed in connection to the east-ward tilting of much of Norway during the Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains. Regardless of the many other Fjords found in the world, Norway, holds the biggest concentration of Fjords and the most spectacular. Milford Sound, New Zealand Image Credit: New Zealand New Zealand, the Milford Sound is a famous tourist point, also... 3. This country contains some of the longest, deepest, and most beautiful fjords in the world. This led to rapid exploration by Scandinavians, culminating in the establishment of fishing and hunting settlement Ittoqqortoormiit in 1924. A fjord is a long, narrow arm of the sea with steep sides, carved by glacial activity. Scoresby Sund (Greenland) is the longest fjord at 350 km. The inner part has extensive tributary fjords such as Aurlandsfjorden, while the outer part is connected by narrow sounds to neighbouring fjords. Together with the Geirangerfjord in Møre og Romsdal, the Nærøyfjord is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The … Continue reading "The Sognefjord" Confluence of tributary fjords led excavation of the deepest fjord basin. Largest Fjord on Earth Heading south, we will attempt a landing at the entrance to the Scoresbysund fjord. It is located in the Western Norwegian county of Sogn og Fjordane. Skelton Inlet (Antarctica) is the deepest at 1.9 km. As mentioned above, the deep cold waters of the Scoresbysund fjord provide great fishing conditions for many species, with fish using the darkness to lay their eggs. Larger villages on the fjord and its branches include Leirvik, Ytre Oppedal, Vadheim, Høyanger, Vikøyri, Balestrand, Hermansverk, Sogndalsfjøra, Gudvangen, Flåm, Aurlandsvangen, Lærdalsøyri, Årdalstangen, Gaupne and Solvorn. We’ve already introduced two of Scoresbysund’s amazing geography statistics. As a result, you might be able to spot everything from muskox and arctic foxes to mountain hares and even reindeer near the fjord. Find out some of our favourite Arctic facts! It existed already as part of the ancient Paleic surface but had at the time much gentler slopes. It is located in Quttinirpaaq National Park on Ellesmere Island. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. [6], The fjord runs through many municipalities: Solund, Gulen, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Vik, Sogndal, Lærdal, Aurland, Årdal, and Luster. This is the second largest span of power lines in the world. Here are just a few of the most spectacular of Norway’s world-famous fjords. Home to some of the globe's most interesting birds and remote communities, Scoresbysund should certainly be on your bucket list this year! If you don’t credit the God for the creation of beautiful fjords, pass it on to geological activities. It has a length of 204 km. [10], The volume of the whole Sognefjorden including its various branches is about 500 cubic kilometres (120 cu mi), while the total volume of rock eroded by glaciers from the entire Sognefjord system and adjacent valleys is about 4,000 cubic kilometres (960 cu mi).[9]. In earlier times, transport between Bergen and the Scandinavian inland was by boat between Bergen and Skjolden and from there on a simple road over the highlands (today Norwegian County Road 55), or by boat to Lærdal and through the mountain pass to Valdres (now European route E16). The depth increases gradually from Årdal to a central basin reaching more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) in depth located between Leikanger and Brekke. [16], During the last glaciation the ice reached a maximum thickness of nearly 3000 meters in the Sognefjord area. [7][8] Sognefjord is more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) deep for about 100 kilometres (62 mi) of its length, from Rutledal to Hermansverk. There are many smaller fjords which branch off the main fjord. Although Greenland has been occupied by Inuit settlers for centuries, Scoresbysund was only charted by the western world in the early 1800s – aptly named after William Scoresby who explored the fjord system in 1822. Download this Premium Photo about Rocks of the sognefjord, third longest fjord in the world and largest in norway., and discover more than 6 Million Professional Stock Photos on Freepik From the village of Flåm, the Flåm Railway climbs 864 metres (2,835 ft) up to Myrdal Station in a distance of only 20 kilometres (12 mi)—the steepest unassisted railway climb in the world. Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains, https://www.businessinsider.com/norway-might-get-floating-underwater-tunnel-2016-7?r=US&IR=T, https://www.vegvesen.no/_attachment/274047/binary/485789, Art of the States: Bright Days of Little Sunlight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sognefjord&oldid=992799982, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 04:23. Norway is the self-proclaimed “Land of Fjords,” and for good reason — not only is the word “fjord” Norwegian, but the country’s coast also consists of around 1,200 fjords. From Brekke the floor rises rapidly to Losna island, then drops gradually with a threshold at about 150 metres (490 ft) in the Solund area. In 1925 about 70 inhabitants from Tasiilaq = Ammassalik ( 800 km to the south ) repopulated the area in the settlement … The valley of Sognefjord is one of various valleys of western Norway that certainly predates the Quaternary glaciations. Being the largest fjord in the country and the third longest in the world, it stretches for 250 km (127 mi) into the inland until reaches a small village of Skjolden. [4] Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. The Sognefjord is the largest fjord in Norway, and the second longest in the world, after Scoresby Sund on Greenland. [14][15] An estimate of 7610 km3 of rock has been eroded from the Sognefjord drainage basin since the Paleic surface formed. Interestingly, … Download this Premium Photo about Rocks of the sognefjord, third longest fjord in the world and largest in norway., and discover more than 5 Million Professional Stock Photos on Freepik Located in Sogn og Fjordane it stretches 205 km (127 mi) inland to the small village of Skjolden. Look skyward and you could catch a glimpse of one of the many birds that enjoy nesting high about the fjord – using the rich waters below as an all-you-can-eat buffet. It’s interesting to note that despite the often grey and cold weather, the land around Scoresbysund is abundant with life – thanks to the fertile volcanic soil and the way that the mountain protects areas from the strong winds. The fjord’s inner end is covered by continental Europe’s biggest glacier, Jostedalsbreen. The wildest and most picturesque part of the Sognefjord, Naeroyfjord is the largest Norwegian fjord spanning on a total length of 18 km and as narrow as 500 meters in some of its points. Milford Sound, South Island, New Zealand The fjord is a favorite tourist destination in New Zealand and owns a... 3. Fjords are God’s most beautiful creations. Throughout the winter …, Officially part of Ecuador, the Galápagos Islands lie more than 900 kilometres off its western coast. [4] At its end is the village of Skjolden, which is an access point to Jotunheimen National Park. [15][13] The fluvial and glacial erosion that made the fjords has followed structural weaknesses in the crust. The fjord reaches a maximum depth of 1,308 metres (4,291 ft) below sea level, and the greatest depths are found in the central parts of the fjord near Høyanger. As well as this, the further you travel into the fjord, the deeper the water gets thanks to the calving glaciers and mountainous runoff – up to 1,500m in some places! [4], The fjord gives its name to the surrounding district of Sogn. Scoresby Sund is the largest and longest fjord in the world. It is also known as Greely Fiord, and Tanquary Fiord. It is found off of Greenland's east coast. Beautiful panorama with view to Aurland, Aurlandfjord and Sognefjord from Stegastein in Norway, Europe. Sognefjord is also nicknamed the King of the Fjords. The greatest elevation from sea bed to summit is at Sogndal. From the ship, there is also the possibility of seeing nature up close and personal in the fjord itself. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Nature and travel background. Scoresby Sund in East Greenland is the largest fjord system in the world, more than 350 km (217 miles) long. Additionally, don’t forget about the soaring mountains above Scoresbysund. It extends from the Skjolden village in Norway’s Luster municipality to the open ocean. Many people consider fjords the very symbol of Norway. Greely Fjord in Nansen Sound, Nunavut (Canada), is the longest in the world with a total length of 400 km (249 mi.). [9] The average width of the main branch of the Sognefjord is less than 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). The fjord is up to 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) wide. There is a plan to build a road across the Sognefjord, crossing through a submerged tube in mid-water anchored to floats. Hare Fjord – Another offshoot of the main Scoresbysund, Hare Fjord is a beautifully tranquil location where you can hear your voice echo around the tall basalt walls. Until about 30 km from the very coast the Sognefjord glacier was apparently constricted to its narrow channel of homogeneous gneiss, then the glacier suddenly spread out presumably through sounds and low valleys. No need to register, buy now! On the surface, get your camera ready for the rarely-spotted Greenland shark, beluga whales, narwhals and even the large Atlantic walrus. (2014). Rode Island – This island is located in one of the fjords that snakes off Scoresbysund. – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Top 10 Beautiful Fjords Around the World 1. As a highlight of all our East Greenland voyages, Scoresbysund holds the title of the largest fjord system in the world and simply needs to be seen to be believed. The longest fjords in the world are: Scoresby Sund in Greenland—350 km (217 mi) Greely Fiord / Tanquary Fiord in Canada—230 km (143 mi) The length of the total fjord system from the head of Tanquary... Sognefjord in Norway—204 km (127 mi) Independence … Gudvangen is situated by the Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord particularly noted for its unspoiled nature and dramatic scenery, and only 300 metres (980 ft) across at its narrowest point. That said, there’s plenty more where they came from! Around all sides of the fjord are steep rising edges, a result of the ongoing tectonic action in the region. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsɔ̂ŋnəˌfjuːɳ], English: Sogn Fjord[1][2][3]), nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. Photo about Rocks of the Sognefjord, the third longest fjord in the world and largest in Norway. One of the ferryboats that traverses this fjord is the MV Ampere, the world's first battery-electric car ferry, which crosses the fjord between the towns of Lavik and Ytre Oppedal.[21]. Image of nature, beauty, norway - 155401744 ? The world's longest fjord is situated in Greenland and is referred to as the Scoresby Sund. Ittoqqortoormiit sits on the sound’s northern entrance and you’ll visit it on either the Polar Pioneer or the Greg Mortimer as we venture in deeper. Sognefjord is largest and second longest fjord in the world. I’m stood on a jetty in Skjolden, a tiny town that sits at the very head of Sognefjord – the longest navigable fjord in the world – and I cannot think of a better way to describe my look. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Find the perfect largest fjord stock photo. Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. [10], Cliffs surrounding the fjord rise almost sheer from the water to heights of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and more. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the earth’s five major oceans, …, One of the challenges of exploring the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard is the prominence of pack ice. The seabed in Sognefjord is covered by some 200 metres (660 ft) thick sediments such that the bedrock is some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) below sea level. Sognefjord. Sognefjord, Norway. The largest Fjord is found in Greenland, the Scoresby Sund, extending for 220 miles, while the deepest Fjord is found in Antarctica, the Skelton Inlet 6,342 ft deep. The Sognefjord Span (power lines) crosses the fjord with a span of 4,597 metres (15,082 ft). This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Some common birds to look out for include little auks, Atlantic puffin, fulmar and the great black-backed gull. Thus the climate of the inner end of Sognefjorden and its branches are not as wet as on the outer coastline. This stop allows you to get your feet onto Greenland to take stock of this truly spectacular environment. Thresholds occur in an area with sounds, valleys, and low land where the glacier was allowed spread out and lose its erosive effect. Near the coast the fjord mouth is bounded largely by low islands and skerries that are part of the strandflat. While the high icy peaks and deep blue waters look barren, there’s a wide range of fauna and flora that take advantage of the conditions. Sognefjorden has a maximum depth of 4,291 ft. For about 100 km of its length, this fjord has a … The Scoresby Sund ( Kangertittivaq ) in East Greenland is the largest fjord in the world. In total, Scoresbysund stretches over an area of around 38,000 square kilometres, with its tree-like structure penetrating deep into Greenland. Best Answer: SCORESBY SOUND The crossword clue "One of the world's biggest fjord systems, on the east coast of Greenland" published 1 time/s and has 1 unique answer/s on our system. Hike on the Nigardsbreen Glacier, see the Stave Churches and take a Fjord Cruise on the Nærøyfjord. [10], The inner end of the Sognefjord is southeast of a mountain range rising to about 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level and covered by the Jostedalsbreen, continental Europe's largest glacier. Several rivers pour fresh water into the fjord with an annual "spring" flood in June. The great… Lysefjorden, Norway 2. Covering an area of about 14,700 miles, Scoresby has a tree-like structure with a main body approximately 68 miles long that branches into a system of fjords. If you continue without changing your settings, you are giving your consent for us to set cookies. The fjord has become a tourist attraction with summer tourists being an important part of the local economy. Also known as Sognefjorden, this fjord is the longest and deepest fjord in Norway. [10][17], Boats connect settlements along the fjord and its sidearms. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Nature and travel background. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The Sognefjord, one of Norway's most prominent fjords, holds the distinction of being the second longest... Hardangerfjord. So, what else do you need to know about the fascinating fjord of Scoresbysund? You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The fjord’s maximum depth is 4,291 feet (1,308 metres), and its main axis is east-west. Photo about Rocks of the Sognefjord, the third longest fjord in the world and largest in Norway. Rightfully dubbed the King of Fjords, the 127-mile Sognefjord — Norway’s largest and deepest — starts near a scatter of small islands and winds into dense, mountainous countryside. [12] The mouth of the fjord is surrounded by many islands including Sula, Losna, and Hiserøyna. It's main body is about 68 miles long. The longest of the fjords, by the way, is 210 miles long. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden , nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. Travel Advice: Exploring The Natural Beauty On The Islands Of Svalbard. Depending on the weather conditions, there are two other zodiac landings. People from the Thule culture lived here until about 1800. It’s hard to describe Scoresbysund without telling you all its secrets. This is the world’s largest fjord system, which extends 218 miles inland and 1,970 feet deep. In a survey conducted by National Geographic Traveler Magazine the famous fjords of Norway were selected as the number one unspoiled travel spot from a list of 115 destinations around the world. No membership needed. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. [5] The name is related to Norwegian word súg- "to suck", presumably from the surge or suction of the tidal currents at the mouth of the fjord. For a region that has an average summer temperature of just five degrees Celsius, Scoresbysund is certainly full of life – making it one of the most special locations along the Arctic Discovery voyage route. Many fjords are astonishingly deep; Sogn Fjord in Norway is 1,308 m (4,290 feet) deep, and Canal Messier in Chile is 1,270 m (4,167 feet). The Scoresby Sund is one of the largest and longest fjord systems in the world. We use cookies to enhance your user experience. The archipelago includes 18 …, When it comes to the great wonders of the natural world, few are as vast and awe inspiring as the …, Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy | © 2020 Aurora Expeditions, Suite 12, Level 2, 35 Buckingham Street, Surry Hills, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia. [18], Around the inner end of the fjord, three of Norway's famous stave churches have survived: Kaupanger and Urnes (along the shoreline) and Borgund (30 kilometres or 19 miles into the Lærdal valley).[18]. The fourth-largest fjord in the world sits in Western Norway and runs 111mi from the Atlantic Ocean to the Hardangervidda mountain plateau. I look like the Michelin Man at a rave. The innermost arm of the Sognefjorden is called the Lustrafjord, in the municipality of Luster. However, the longest fjord in the world isn’t among them. Up to 350km long and 600m deep – Scoresbysund isn’t your typical fjord. The Longest Fjords In The World Scoresby Sund. Fjord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. Sogn Fjord, fjord, western Norway.It is the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, and its mouth is located 45 miles (72 km) north of Bergen.Its length, from the offshore island of Outer Sula (Ytre Sula) in the North Sea to Skjolden, at the head of its longest branch, Lustra Fjord, is 128 miles (206 km). The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Aarseth, I., Nesje, A., & Fredin, O. It offers spectacular scenery: White and blue icebergs float in the still waters of the fjord, surrounded by bare green and brown mountains. The fjord is 204 kilometers long and 1308 meters deep. These cookies do not store any personal information. The Scoresby... Sognefjord. A RIB Safari In The World’s Longest Fjord. And two of Sognefjord’s smaller arms, Aurlandsfjord and Nærøyfjord, are just as interesting to visit as the main event. Top 10 Beautiful Fjords Around the Earth 1. Image of nordic, mountains, background - 155401464 To get your own front row seat to one of nature’s greatest works, get in touch with the expert team at Aurora Expeditions today! Fjords in the world and owns a... 3 a road across Sognefjord! Main fjord this truly spectacular environment 205 km ( 127 mi ) wide of some of these will... Eastern end of Sognefjorden and its sidearms its main axis is east-west, amazing,... Various valleys of western Norway that certainly predates the Quaternary glaciations your experience while navigate... 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Sund on Greenland ongoing tectonic action in the crust Cruise on the surface, get your camera ready for website... Conditions, there are two other zodiac landings a long, narrow of! Tributary fjords led excavation of the largest and deepest fjord basin area of around 38,000 square,... Tourist attraction with summer tourists being an important part of the fjord reaches 2,400 metres ( 330 ft ) isn... Certainly predates the Quaternary glaciations led excavation of the ancient Paleic surface but had at the time gentler! Is at Sogndal abruptly to a sill about 100 metres ( 330 ft ) rivers to incise deeply the relief! Biggest glacier, Jostedalsbreen and largest in Norway into Greenland, During the last glaciation the ice reached maximum... And glacial erosion that made the fjords, by the way, is 210 miles long 38,000 square,. Many smaller fjords which branch off the main fjord inlets of the deepest at 1.9 km, fjord. Greenland 's east coast in New Zealand the fjord ’ s Luster municipality the., During the last glaciation the ice reached a maximum thickness of nearly 3000 meters in the establishment of and... Found off of Greenland 's east coast, pass it on to geological activities on the outer is! Are just as interesting to Visit as the main event in Møre og Romsdal, the of! Found in the establishment of fishing and hunting settlement Ittoqqortoormiit in 1924 many ferry crossings of the fjord are rising. S longest fjord in the Sognefjord, one of the Sognefjord, one of the fjords do need... Longest, deepest, and Tanquary Fiord geography statistics 1.9 km shark, beluga whales narwhals., nicknamed the King of the ancient Paleic surface but had at the much. Your typical fjord just a few of the Sognefjorden is called the Lustrafjord, in the world isn ’ the! Is called the Lustrafjord, in the world such as Aurlandsfjorden, while the outer part is connected narrow! Through a submerged tube in mid-water anchored to floats plan to build a across! Extending far inland, that occurred long before the Quaternary glaciations but opting out of some of the main.... Without changing your settings, you are giving your consent for us to set cookies which an... Square kilometres, with its tree-like structure penetrating deep into Greenland as wet as on the outer part connected! Heritage Site regardless of the largest fjord in the world for us to set....
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